Transportation in Shanghai
Generally, transportation inside the city is considered both convenient and satisfactory. As an international metropolis with the largest population in China, Shanghai will inevitably face the problem of overpopulation and traffic congestion. However the situation is currently somewhat better than in Beijing. To relieve the transportation pressure, the government has done a lot of work including constructing a large number of roads, subways, and opening more new bus routes. Now, the city has the world's largest public transportation system handling the largest daily volume of passengers.
A high-density road network makes overland transportation easy. Taxis, city buses, and sightseeing buses are ready to bring you to everywhere. If you prefer driving yourself, rental cars are available - a word of caution though - if possible, avoid the congested overhead roads in the urban area inside the Inner Ring Road during rush hour.
Fourteen subway lines have connections all over the city, with stops at or nearby the main attractions and commercial areas. If you are just sightseeing and in no hurry, the subway will provide you with fast and comfortable service (though you may want to avoid rush hour of 07:00 to 09:30 and 16:30 to 19:30).
Shanghai Maglev Train is the first commercial high-speed maglev line in the world. Construction began in March, 2001, and public service commenced on January 1, 2004.The train can reach 350 km/h (220 mph) in 2 minutes, with a maximum speed in normal operation of 431 km/h (267 mph).The train runs from Longyang Road station on the Shanghai subway line 2 to Pudong International Airport, and the total track length is about 30 kilometres, with an additional, separate track leading to a maintenance facility. The train takes 7 minutes and 20 seconds to complete the journey, and its top operational speed is 431 kilometers per hour.
Nanpu Bridge, Yangpu Bridge, Xupu Bridge, Lupu Bridge and various tunnels across the Huangpu River provide direct links between Pudong New District and Puxi Area. Ferries offer convenient shuttle service across the Huangpu River, allowing you to avoid the crowded bridges and tunnels while appreciating the river scenery. Additionally ferryboats are available between the mainland and its three islands of Chongming, Changqing and Hengsha.
Ferries include Huangpu River Ferry,Island Ferry and Sightseeing Ferry.For the Huangpu River Ferry,at present, there are in total 19 ferry lines serving nearly 40 ferry stations along both sides of the Huangpu River, providing links between Pudong and Puxi. For Island Ferry, Changxing and Hengsha Islands of Baoshan District as well as Chongming Island can easily be reached by ferryboats. In Baoshan District on the mainland of Shanghai city, there are four main ports handling ferryboats to the ports of the three islands. Lastly, the sightseeing ferryboats of Shanghai provide you with a chance to experience the exciting Huangpu River cruise.
Sightseeing buses are a convenient way for you to tour Shanghai and these well-known attractions.Visitors can ride the double-decked City Sightseeing Buses for a one-day fun trip of Shanghai. Serving people in the same way as public buses, the City Sightseeing Buses run two routes respectively in Puxi area and Pudong area. Audio guides are available in the bus. Visitors can get a free earphone for free when they are aboard. After they install the earphone into the opening provided, Visitors can receive introductions of places of interest in the city in 8 different languages, including English, German, French, Spanish, Japanese, Korean, Russian and Chinese. Visitors can either have a through trip or stop at any stations at will. The through ticket is valid for unlimited rides in 24 hours at the cost of CNY30. One adult could take one child under 1.4m for free.